JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Date Author Huang, Fu-hua. Metadata Show full item record. Abstract Evaluation of soft output decoding for turbo codes is presented. Coding theory related to this research is studied, including convolutional encoding and Viterbi decoding.

This application claims the benefit of the filing date of U. The subject matter of this application is related to U. The present invention relates to signal processing, and, in particular, to error-correction encoding and decoding techniques such as low-density parity-check LDPC encoding and decoding. In attempting to recover an error-correction-encoded codeword, an error-correction decoder may encounter one or more trapping sets that prevent the decoder from properly decoding the codeword.

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The present invention relates to communications systems. The present invention combines a soft handoff mechanism with code diversity combining techniques, packet diversity combining techniques, and an iterative decoding algorithm known as turbo coding. In communications systems having geographically fixed stations and mobile stations, it is necessary to handoff the communications with the mobile station from a first fixed station to a second fixed station, as the mobile station moves farther away from the first fixed station and closer to the second fixed station.

In the cellular communications context, as a mobile station travels out of a first cell and into a second cell, communications with the mobile station must be passed from a base station in the first cell to the base station in the second. Similarly, in the case of base stations provided on orbiting satellites, the position of the “mobile” unit on or near the surface of the Earth is relatively fixed compared to the orbiting satellites, and communications with this unit must be passed from a first base station to a second base station.

The second base station can either be on a second satellite or can be associated with a second antennae on the first satellite which services a second beam geographic region. Hereinafter, base station refers to a fixed base station on the ground or a base station provided on board an orbiting satellite. There are three types of conventional handoff, depending on the multiple access system employed in the communications system: hard handoff, soft handoff, and softer handoff.

As the mobile unit moves out of a currently serviced cell area or satellite beam during a communications session, the received signal becomes weak and a handoff is required. To perform the hard handoff, the communications system switches the communications session to a new channel while the session continues. In hard handoffs in FDMA or TDMA or one CDMA system to another CDMA system using different frequency spectrums , the receiver in the mobile unit stops demodulating and decoding information transmitted on the old channel link, from the cell or satellite link initially servicing the session, and then starts demodulating and decoding information transmitted via a second channel link.

In a conventional FDMA or TDMA cellular system, the handoff scheme implemented is intended to allow a call to continue when a mobile telephone crosses the boundary between cells. Then handoff from one cell to another is initiated when the receiver in the cell base station handling the call notices that the received signal strength from the mobile station falls below a predetermined threshold value.

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You won’t have to wait long to see Porsche’s new hp sports car. For months now, all of the attention has been on the Porsche Taycan, the firm’s first-ever all-electric vehicle. But now it’s time for Porsche to get back to its roots with the model that has defined it for decades, the We can now officially report that the next-generation Porsche Turbo will debut next month at the Geneva Motor Show.

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For example, larger exhaust turbochargers and piezo injectors are used for the first time. Exhaust manifolds derived from the GT2 RS improve responsiveness and efficiency, thanks to optimised flow ratios. Charge-air cooling and engine air intake have been completely redesigned. Previously, air for the intercooler was supplied via side air intakes in the rear wings and the aspirated engine air via a tailgate grille.

This principle has been swapped over in the new Turbo models. This can also be seen from an additional two-tract air outlet for the intercoolers between the tailpipes in the rear apron. This enables more efficient air flow and charge-air cooling — and thus more power. The result: impressive. Extremely sporty. The sprint performances are excellent. The completely redeveloped 8-speed Porsche Doppelkupplung PDK allows extremely fast gear changes without interrupting the flow of power — not even by a millisecond.

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Someone at Porsche went down the list of reasons the high-riding machines get a bad rap and crossed them out one by one. Weak-sauce performance? Nope, this one’s as spicy as a hp ghost pepper. An overpowered affront to the planet? Oh look, its mighty twin-turbo 4. A soulless bar of soap on wheels?

The Air Jordan 1 ‘Turbo Green’ has now been given a release date, Green suede overlays have been wrapped around a soft white leather upper.

Please note, all photos are of European cars. Since it was first launched in the mids, the Turbo has represented what Porsche considers the epitome of its road-car offerings in terms of performance and technology, and not much has changed with the exception of the odd supercar the manufacturer releases every decade or so. Porsche has had a Turbo for nearly every generation of , and today that means those in the market for one have many choices at various price points and performance levels.

Before we delve into the different Turbos in the used-Porsche market, a little history. That year BMW unveiled a turbocharged concept car, and a couple years later it launched the Turbo, the first turbocharged production road car. At the Frankfurt Motor Show, Porsche unveiled the Turbo, and by , it was racing a new 2. Above: Turbo Carrera. Porsche launched the Turbo aka, Type for the European market in the midst of an oil crisis — North America would get the Turbo Carrera a year later.

The car had a 3.

Turbo iterative equalization for HSDPA systems

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It’s a hybrid with a twin-turbo V-8, it’s an SUV but they call it a coupe, Note: keep an eye on your speed, or ticket-writing public-servants will.

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Topping the range will be a liter turbo-diesel V6 with hp and lb-ft of torque. A six-speed manual transmission will come standard.

This staggered model launch approach is nothing new for Porsche , with the third-gen Cayenne large SUV following a similar approach when it arrived locally in June last year, but did include the Turbo model. The new Macan Turbo is tipped to use a version of the 2. Nearly 70 per cent of Macan buyers are first-time Porsche owners, ticking the key objective of introducing people to the Porsche brand and therefore likely to move them up the range with successive purchases. The German sports car brand confirmed overnight that the second generation Macan, due to appear in around , will include an all-electric variant which will be the second EV in the Porsche line-up after the Taycan which will arrive in Australia in Recent searches How to change a tyre Day trips Sydney Best small car Sorry, there are no cars that match your search.

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Porsche Macan Turbo update set for 2020, GTS 2021

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Here’s all the meaty bits you need to know about Ford’s amazing new Jeep Wrangler fighter. Taking on an icon that’s had the run of America’s hard-core SUV scene for decades is unavoidably knotty by nature. Thankfully, after years of false starts and rumors, Ford has finally reanimated its icon to battle The Icon. You’re looking at the Ford Bronco and it’s here to bring the fight to Jeep’s Wrangler — not to mention the new Land Rover Defender. You might not even need to comprehend any of the words on this page to figure out that the Blue Oval’s engineers haven’t shown up looking for second place.

Regardless, I urge you to dig in — there’s a lot here to get excited about. Based on what I’ve seen during a secret up-close sneak preview, it’s clear Ford understands you don’t go looking for the king wearing a nice suit but carrying only a rusty pocket knife. Naturally, it isn’t just about getting the base truck right, although that’s a big part of it.

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The large performance gain achieved through turbo equalization comes from exchanging soft information between the equalizer and decoder in an iterative.

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